Kuhn begins by formulating some assumptions that lay the foundation for subsequent discussion and by briefly outlining the key contentions of the book. Kuhn's "Paradigm" & "Normal Science" (Note: This was originally written and intended for an exam in a graduate course in philosophy.). The history of science could produce a decisive transformation in the image of science by which we are now possessed (TSSR, 1). 泥����, ��щ━���, ��몄�댄��, ��ы����� ��� ��щ�� 遺���쇰�� �����듯����� 怨쇳��泥������� ��� ��������� ��④린������. Essential to every paradigm is the process of "normal science," but ��� 1962 marked an important point in intellectual history not only for historians, philosophers, sociologists and scientists, but also for educated laymen. Chapter I - Introduction: A Role for History. Learn. Spell. STUDY. ���怨쇳�� ���紐���� 援ъ“���濡� ���紐�������. Why "Structure" was so famous. In it, he defined several basic factors of science, and their interactions with the actors. (26)Normal science, as defined by Kuhn, is cumulative. Normal science often suppresses fundamental novelties because they are necessarily subversive of its basic commitments. Amongst the most important are Kuhn���s concepts of anomaly, normal science, paradigm, and revolution. Terms in this set (22) Author of the Structure of Scientific Revolutions. What does he mean by this? In chapter 2, Thomas Kuhn describes how a paradigm is created. Di samping itu, ia juga dikritik karena terlalu mendramatisir pertentangan sehingga menjadi ���revolusi��� antara normal science lama dengan yang baru. New knowledge fills a gap of ignorance. One sixties' summer, shortly before the ���Summer of Love���, probably the two most widely influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century ��� Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn ��� met at a conference in ���swinging London��� to compare and contrast their views on the nature of theory change in science. Write. Gravity. Outline and Study Guide prepared by Professor Frank Pajares Emory University. Kuhn says that normal science "seems an attempt to force nature into the preformed and relatively inflexible box that the paradigm supplies." Perhaps the best known philosopher of science in the last half century is Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996), who was for many years a professor of philosophy and history of science at MIT. The paradigm is the basic building block of Kuhn��� Instead, he introduces the concept of normal science, revolutionary science ��� Thomas Kuhn attacks ���development-by-accumulation��� views of science which hold that science progresses linearly by accumulation of theory-independent facts. Notes on: ���The Structure of Scientific Revolutions���; by ��� ���癒몄�� ���裕ㅼ�� 荑�(Thomas Samuel Kuhn, 1922��� 7��� 18��� - 1996��� 6��� 17���)��� 誘멸뎅��� 怨쇳����ы�������댁�� 怨쇳��泥���������대��. science; normal science; science studies. Kuhn explained that paradigms are formed through random collections of facts. THOMAS KUHNS PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Thomas Kuhn - edited by Thomas Nickles October 2002. PLAY. As Kuhn pointed out, "one standard product of the scientific enterprise is missing. He does not believe that science proceeds from one advancement to another, in an even and unbroken process. Normal science is the day���to���day research that scientists conduct in order to fill in the gaps in scientific knowledge that are found within the dominant paradigm. Thomas Samuel Kuhn (/ku��n/; July 18, 1922 ��� June 17, 1996) was an American philosopher of science whose 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.
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